The Funeral of the Anarchist Galli is an oil painting by artist Carlo Carra. The painting is set to capture the funeral of artist Angelo Galli, who was killed by police during strike in 1904. The Italian State feared that the funeral would become a political demonstration, thus refusing mourning anarchists entry in to the cemetery. When the anarchists resisted, police responded with forceful violence and the painting is aimed to capture the business and violence that was going on.
Art Organisations: Fact-finding Questions
*What are the core purposes of the organisation? How does it function?
*What is its objective?
*How do contemporary artists benefit from being featured in Strike!? Which/what type of artists benefit?
*Who are the audiences or users of, STRIKE?! and its activities?
Are they primarily local, national or international – or all three?
Does it have an educational remit, and if so how is this organised?
*How is this organisation funded? What is its relationship to the commercial and/or the public financial sectors?
*How is the organisation staffed? From what professional, artistic, intellectual or social backgrounds do its staff members come?
*Who makes the decisions about a) creative programmes and b) management matters? How do its creative programmes and its management relate to one another?
*How does the organisation promote its activities?
*How does the organisation document its activities?
*How long has the organisation been around? How has it changed over its lifespan?
What other organisations does it resemble [or work with]?
Art Organisations: Questions of Experience and Value
*How does the Strike! present its identity and purpose to its audience? Does this match your perception of the organisation?
*What ideas and attitudes to art does this organisation reflect and/or promote? And what ideas and attitudes to art does this organisation [either implicitly or explicitly] oppose?
*Do you feel Strike! Answers a real cultural need or needs? [If yes, how well does it do this? How might it improve?]
*What is your own evaluation of the organisation? Does it succeed or fail in its own terms? Does it succeed or fail on other grounds?
This broadcast by Edgar Wind in 1960 addresses how Art and Intellect should not be separated, nor do they need to be separated. Together they have created some of the most known artworks to date (1960).
These are a few extracts from Craig’s essay which address some issues that concerns Strike.
“Perhaps it’s just because I’m also taking an anarchism module, and editing an anarchist newspaper, that I’ve been surprised that anarchism hasn’t been (explicitly) mentioned in History, Theory and Event. It seems that many of the contradictions that have been discussed could be disolved in anarchism – the ideology against ideology. Anarchism is undogmatic – indeed, it is anti-dogma – and can, therefore, be difficult to define. As a result, most text books on the subject attempt to do this through an exploration of what various anarchist thinkers have said or written about it. In the most recent issue of STRIKE! Magazine, we featured an illustrated spread extracted from an introduction to anarchism by Noam Chomsky, entitled Notes on Anarchism.”
Reading and looking at how Art has been linked in so tightly with social and political issues really felt relevant to my Unit 3 work and has inspired me to research and look in to these concerns for future artwork, but also out of interest.
In his essay, Craig addresses The Cheap Art Manifesto which was put together by the Bread ad Glove Puppet Theatre 1984. It addresses how Art is growing like a Business for Corporate advantages.
“PEOPLE have been THINKING too long that ART is a PRIVILEGE of the MUSEUMS & the RICH. ART IS NOT BUSINESS ! It does not belong to banks & fancy investors ART IS FOOD . You cant EAT it But it FEEDS you. ART has to be CHEAP & available to EVERYBODY . It needs to be EVERYWHERE because it is the INSIDE of the WORLD ART SOOTHES PAIN! Art wakes up sleepers! ART FIGHTS AGAINST WAR AND STUPIDITY! ART SINGS HALLELUJA! ART IS FOR KITCHENS! ART IS LIKE GOOD BREAD! Art is like green trees. Art is like white clouds in the sky. ART IS CHEAP! HURRAH!”
I find this highly relatable as I have had struggles to ‘afford’ Art in the past, when it shouldn’t be something I need money in the bank for! This manifesto addresses one of the massive issues close to my heart concerning the Art world. The way it is written is almost like a protest, a stand up for our right to be artists with no Corporate needs or interruptions. It really inspires me to stand up for what I am doing with my artwork and really couldn’t have me agree more.
There are different types of Anarchism that address more specific issues in society:
Anarchist Communism: is a theory of anarchism which advocates the abolition of the state, capitalism, wages and private property (while retaining respect for personal property),and in favour of common ownership of the means of production, direct democracy, and a horizontal network of voluntary associations and workers’ councils with production and consumption.
Anarcho-Capitalism: is a political philosophy which advocates the elimination of the state in favor of individual sovereignty, private property, and open markets.
Green Anarchism: is a school of thought within anarchism which puts a particular emphasis on environmental issues.
Anarcha-Feminism: combines anarchism with feminism. It generally views patriarchy as a manifestation of involuntary coercive hierarchy that should be replaced by decentralized free association.
Queer Anarchism: advocates anarchism and social revolution as a means of gay liberation and abolition of homophobia, lesbophobia, transmisogyny, biphobia, transphobia, heteronormativity, heterosexism, patriarchy, and the gender binary.
Anarcho-Pacifism: is a tendency within the anarchist movement which rejects the use of violence in the struggle for social change and the abolition of the state i.e. Gandhi
In Unit 3 I have tried to capture the idea of authority, dehumanization and feminism. The most defining feature of a person is their face, and when authority takes control it can feel like your identity has been taken away, which I have tried to show in my work by taking away the faces of my portraits. This has been an important subject matter not only in my work but also my personal life and I wanted to reflect in my work how it feels through a visual metaphor. The link between these three topics also shows in my sound project. My research showed Margaret Thatcher would lower the pitch of her voice when doing speeches to the public to sound more authoritive. She was the Prime Minister yet still uses tactics to make her sound deeper in pitch like a man. Equality has still not been met in society, even when it comes to something as serious as politics. In the practice of my art, I have been using restrictive processes such as painting with my left hand, painting whilst standing up with the canvas on the floor and using mod-roc on my own face, unable to move or see. I decided to use these processes so I was able to challenge myself and make art I may have never been able to beforehand.